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Educational instructions from Dr. Mozhgan Dahmardnezhad

How many semesters is in medicine?

At present, the general medical education system includes 4 courses of basic sciences, physiopathology, clinical internship and clinical internship. The basic sciences course of the basic medical sciences course is 5 semesters, after which ‌ students are allowed to enter the next course (physiopathology) And before entering the next course,   Comprehensive examination of basic medical sciences of all students will be conducted simultaneously by the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education in all universities of medical sciences, and those admitted will be allowed to enter the physiopathology course they will be. This exam includes topics taught in the basic sciences course.

Medical courses


In this course, due to the unfamiliarity of students, the basic topics of clinical sciences are discussed. The duration of this course is 2 years and after these 2 years, students take a comprehensive exam to enter the next course.

Basic science courses

Biochemistry, histology, Anatomy (theoretical-practical), Anatomy (theoretical-practical), Physiology (theoretical-practical), Immunology (theoretical), Epidemiology, Psychology, Embryology, Nutrition, Genetics, Specialized language, General pathology , Parasitology, microbiology Physiopathology course This course includes 31 courses that will last two semesters. At the end of this course, the student must have a GPA of at least 12, otherwise the student must re-read the courses in which he / she scored less than 12.

The maximum allowable period is 5 years in the first and second stages (basic sciences and physiopathology). At the end of these two courses, students who successfully pass all the units will be admitted to the clinical internship course. It should be noted that the criterion for passing the exams at this stage is to obtain a minimum score of 12 out of 20; While in basic courses, the criterion for obtaining a score is 10 out of 20.

Semiotics and physiopathology

The duration of this course is 6 months and in this course students learn topics such as knowledge of physiological principles, understanding the mechanism of diseases and the factors affecting them, diagnosing the types of diseases, symptoms and ways of treating them.

Physiopathology courses

Specific pathology, pharmacology, semiology, physiopathology courses of organs. Clinical internship course At this stage, medical students are able to adapt their learning from different courses to the clinical findings of hospitalized patients and by using the appropriate method Laboratory diagnostics to diagnose the disease and perform appropriate treatment measures for the patient. The course consists of 97 courses that are offered in four main sections and mainly cover common issues in the field of general medicine, which include internal medicine, surgery, gynecology and pediatrics.

In other departments, which are sub-departments, common diseases are also taught. According to this article, the four main disciplines of surgery, internal medicine, gynecology and pediatrics take up more time.

Dr. Mozhgan Dahmardnezhad says the following about the internship:

During the internship, students must learn how to deal with the patient, prepare the patient’s history, and how to diagnose and treat, so that in the next course – internship – which will be the decision-maker, they can rush to the aid of patients and make the necessary decisions.

In the internship course, the passing score in practical and theoretical courses is 12, and the total grade point average of the internship course must be above 14, and if it is less than 14, units with a score of less than 14 must be repeated to reach a total grade point average of 14.

At the end of the course, students take an exam called the Comprehensive Internship Exam before entering the internship course, and after passing the internship, they enter the internship course. If a student does not pass the relevant exam, he / she can participate in this exam up to 4 times.

Clinical internship

The duration of this course is 20 months, and students identify diseases and their symptoms and ways of treatment, clinically and in the laboratory, so that they can help prevent and treat the patient in the best possible way.

Clinical internship courses

Neurology, Infectious Diseases, Internal Internship, Surgical Diseases, Orthopedic Diseases, Infectious Diseases, Surgical Internship, Medical History and Ethics, Pediatrics, Forensic Medicine and Poisoning, Clinical Pharmacology, Ophthalmology Internship, Dermatology Internship, Health Internship, Internship Pediatrics, ‌ Health, ENT internship, orthopedic internship. Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radiology Internship, Mental Illness, Psychiatry Internship.

Clinical Internship This course is the last stage of medical education and it is also called internship. This course is 64 credits and lasts 18 months. During the internship, ‌ students will be responsible for examining patients and diagnosing and treating patients in the hospital, and will apply what they have learned in previous courses to be ready to be accepted into the medical profession in the community and be able to independently Treat patients. At the end of this course and before graduation, interns must begin the dissertation course, which is 6 credits.

Clinical Internship

The duration of this course is 18 months. The aim of this course is to develop the skills and decision-making power of interns and increase their self-confidence by dealing directly with health issues and accepting responsibility in this field.

Clinical internship courses

Internship in surgery department, internship in ophthalmology department, internship in accident and burn department, internship in orthopedic department, internship in urology department, internship in pediatrics department, internship in health department

Asht, internship in ENT department,   internship in internship, internship in obstetrics and gynecology, internship in emergency department, internship in nephrology, internship in dermatology, internship in psychiatry.


In this course, interns go to deprived areas and start their internship program, but to enter this course, it is necessary to pass and pass the comprehensive test that is held before this stage and includes generalities of basic, main and general physiology courses. And clinical science.

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